As part of the requirement for our Philosophy 171 class, I submitted a research paper just recently on my ideas regarding the ethical basis behind the capital punishment, or the complete lack thereof. Through the analysis of the said practice using several different theories under metaethics and normative ethics, I arrived at the conclusion that the capital punishment must be abolished once and for all. However, for this blog post, I would like to evaluate the punishment based on what I have learned about human rights in our NSTP class.
The most obvious violation of the death penalty is the right to life. Even though we are referring to criminals here, I don’t believe anyone has the right to decide when to end a person’s life. Though I understand that it is the obligation of the state to ensure the safety of its citizens, killing is not the way to do it. Further, I find it very illogical how the state executes criminals to advocate that slaying is wrong. One cannot do another wrong to justify the evil a felon has committed. Second, the justice system is normally negatively prejudiced towards the marginalized, even though in some cases, they may actually be innocent. Supposedly built for the purpose of promoting justice, hence its name, the justice system does not entirely live up to its pledge of service when it wrongfully accuses innocent people.
The death penalty has always been a controversial issue. There have been a lot of arguments and debates whether to pursue this kind of punishment or impose another penalty. It is unfortunate that this sensitive issue has been on the table for so long and no resolutions have been agreed on regarding how to castigate the criminals. We need solutions to prevent and eventually stop the crimes.